(C) 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose\n\nTo compare the safety and efficacy of corticorelin acetate (CrA) and placebo in patients with malignant brain tumors requiring chronic administration of dexamethasone (DEX) to control the signs and symptoms of peritumoral brain edema (PBE).\n\nPatients and Methods\n\nProspective, randomized, double-blind study of 200 patients
with PBE on a stable dose of DEX. Initially, DEX dose was decreased by 50% over a 2-week period and then held at this level for 3 weeks. The primary end point was the proportion of patients who responded to treatment-patients who achieved a >= 50% DEX reduction from baseline and achieved stable or improved neurologic PXD101 clinical trial examination score and Karnofsky performance score at week 2, and then continued to respond at week 5.\n\nResults\n\nOne hundred patients received subcutaneous injections of 1 mg twice per MLN4924 concentration day of CrA and 100 patients received placebo for the duration of the study period. Although results did not attain statistical significance (at the P < .05 level), a clinically important difference in the proportion of responders between the CrA group (57.0%) and the placebo group (46.0%; P = .12) was observed. In addition, the maximum percent reduction in DEX dose achieved
during the double-blind 12-week study was significantly greater in the CrA group (62.7%) than in placebo group (51.4%; P < .001). Patients receiving CrA demonstrated an improvement in myopathy and were less likely to
develop signs of Cushing syndrome.\n\nConclusion\n\nCrA enables a reduction in steroid requirement Buparlisib mw for patients with PBE and is associated with a reduction in the incidence and severity of common steroid adverse effects, including myopathy. J Clin Oncol 31:1182-1187. (C) 2013 by American Society of Clinical Oncology”
“A novel microcoil fabrication method was developed. In the past research, copper microcoils were fabricated by wet-etching copper pipes with helical resist patterns formed using laser-scan lithography. However, etched coil widths often locally fluctuated owing to the influence of the surface and backsurface conditions of the pipes, and it was difficult to consistently fabricate microcoils with homogeneous widths. For this reason, in the new method, microcoils are fabricated by nickel electroplating instead of etching. After forming helical patterns on a fine stainless-steel wire with a diameter of 80 mu m, nickel was electroplated in the spaces of resist patterns. Because the adhesion of nickel to the stainless-steel wire was not very strong, helically electroplated nickel was tore off from the core wire, and the microcoil was fabricated when the wire was pulled and lengthened. Next, helical pattern widths and nickel coil widths were evaluated.